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Anthropology人类学代考,人类学essay代写

Philosophy哲学人类学代写Anthropology coursework,人类学论文代写,assignment代做,网课代修,Mingxinwrite擅长于各类哲学专业Assignment,Homework questions, report代写代考。 Main Questions: https://www.min..

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Anthropology人类学代考,人类学essay代写

发布时间:2020-12-10 热度:

Philosophy哲学人类学代写Anthropology coursework,人类学论文代写,assignment代做,网课代修,Mingxinwrite擅长于各类哲学专业Assignment,Homework questions, report代写代考。
 

Anthropology人类学代考,人类学essay代写


Main Questions:https://www.mingxinwrite.com/
Why study nonhuman primates?
oMain Argument: Anthropologists find it useful to compare early hominins with modern chimpanzees because we have a shared common ancestor (Proconsul) who like chimpanzees, was quadrupedal. To determine when bipedalism occurred, for example, we look for evidence of this transition in the skeletal anatomy of early humans by comparing them to modern humans and modern chimpanzees and seeing which one they are more similar to. 
Why have all primates evolved to be extremely social and to value cooperative and fair behaviors?
oMain Argument: The primate adaptation is primarily SOCIAL. Primate behavior evolved in response to the social and ecological problems primates face

KEY TERMS


Comparative Anatomy: involves comparing the body structures of two species. 'Comparative' means to look at the similarities between two things, and 'anatomy' has to do with the structure of the body. Scientists can look at anatomical structures of seemingly unrelated animals to tell how related they are.


Clade: a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life"

Primate Common Ancestors
oPlesiadapis
oProconsul

Primates: a mammal of an order that includes the lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, marmosets, monkeys, apes, and humans


Prosimians: Belong to the Strepsirrhine Clade (“wet nosed”) except for Tarsiers
oThey are considered to have characteristics that are more "primitive" (ancestral) than those of simians (monkeys, apes, and humans)

Simians/Anthropoids: Belong to the Haplorhine Clade (“dry-nosed”)

*Your textbook goes into incredible detail on the diet, the anatomy, and the social behaviors of the different types of primates. You do not need to know all of that, but you should be able to discuss some of the diversity between primate groups and why that diversity is important. HINT, think about the social behavior of primates!  There will be NO questions that require you to know the Latin species classification names of any primates… I promise!

Difference between Old World and New World Monkeys
oThe noses of New World monkeys are flatter than the narrow noses of the Old World monkeys, and have side-facing nostrils.
oNew World monkeys are the only monkeys with prehensile tails—in comparison with the shorter, non-grasping tails of the anthropoids of the Old World


Different Diets and Niche Partitioning 
oOmnivores
oLeaf-Eaters
oFruit-Eaters
oInsect-Eaters

oThis difference in diets allows for niche partitioning and creates cooperative, social behaviors:
oPrimate species in the same forest will use different parts
oDifferent diets: insects, leaves, fruits, nuts, harder plant materials, and even meat found in different areas of the environment
oMinimizes competition and encourages social behavior 


Different Types of Locomotion and Social Behavior
oLocomotion: movement or the ability to move from one place to another; biology reflects movement and environmental adaptations
oFirst make the broad distinction between arboreal and terrestrial locomotion—that is, does the primate spend most of its time in tress or on the ground
oTerrestrial: Quadrupedalism and Knuckle-walking (gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos); opposable thumbs!
oArboreal: Brachiating (for Gibbons) and prehensile tail (for New World Monkeys)
oAgain, we see that these different forms of movement correspond to adaptations to different environments and this has led to greater degrees of cooperation between primate species


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